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BANJALUKA, NOVEMBER 11 /SRNA/ - President of Republika Srpska Željka Cvijanović says Bosnia and Herzegovina today is a legal and political experiment.


During a parliamentary discussion about the Information on Unconstitutional Transformation of Dayton BiH and Influence on the Position and Rights of Republika Srpska, Cvijanović stated that BiH could not be compared to other systems.

She pointed out that the SNSD had taken part in the transfer of competences because it naively trusted representatives of the international community that the Srpska parliament would be able to amend all laws imposed by high representatives.

"SNSD’s naivety was twofold, because they knew there was an agreement of the international community and Bosniak politicians that the competent parliaments should be prevented from later annulling the decisions imposed by high representatives,” underlined Cvijanović.

She stated that the Information mentioned the responsibility of the government and opposition for the transferred competences, and that concrete names were listed, and that it was not true that the whole responsibility was ascribed to the opposition.

Cvijanović suggested to opposition representatives, in case they were not happy with the offer, to create a new material and thus show they cared about adopting good solutions and unity in Republika Srpska.

"Citizens of Republika Srpska expect unity of Serb representatives," noted Cvijanović.

She recalled that a high-ranking foreigner had told her there was a gap in BiH between what was envisaged by the Constitution and the practice.

"The foreigner told me that solutions in BiH were not constitutional, but were legal after all. This is a challenge for any politics and anyone who has anything to do with justice. This is absurd in the country we live in,” said Cvijanović.

According to her, the talk of a decentralised BiH was realistic because the BiH Constitution, i.e. Annex 4 of the Dayton Peace Accords envisaged a highly decentralised country with highly autonomous entities that are in charge of the actual life of people here.

She pointed out that a coordination mechanism was established in BiH in order to show that the country could function in that way too, not through snatching competences away from others.

Cvijanović stressed a major deviation in BiH, which was showing shortcomings of the system in various ways.

"The most glaring is the one which shows that the BiH Constitution says one thing, while the reality is something else. As a result, we have numerous agencies and institutions at the BiH level which are not legally grounded when it comes to the division of constitutional competences in BiH. Legal violence was committed against Republika Srpska,” underlined Cvijanović.

She also said that the war crimes strategy showed how justice was created, i.e. when a politically set, ready-made pattern was filled with judicial decisions in order to be later used for history books.

"There is a stage that is even more dangerous than the OHR, the one in which the OHR found a replacement in the BiH Constitutional Court, which cannot seem to give up on foreign judges, it creates instead of protecting,” said Cvijanović.

She asked what political hatred could be more important than Republika Srpska.

"I don’t believe it is so - if it is, we have a problem. I believe that the prevalent thing in Republika Srpska, in its institutions’ policies and political will of those who vote, live and work here is that we are not naïve, that we can overcome things and protect ourselves,” said Cvijanović.

She noted that Republika Srpska would be much more developed had there not been various kinds of sanctions, had it not suffered the bombing, political and economic blows.

"The biggest fear the foreigners have is that political parties from Republika Srpska will somehow reach political unity,” said Cvijanović.

The information, she said, also mentions the fact that authorities at the BiH level were not formed 13 months after the elections.

"It is pointless to have elections and not execute election results. It is logical to me that those who lost are no longer in power,” underlined Cvijanović.

She noted that it was most dangerous to accept a principle according to which authorities at the BiH level would be formed only when the SDA was able to choose itself a partner.

Cvijanović said that the talk of a rift within the SDS was mainly coming from the party itself, and noted that foreigners could say who they wanted to take from the party, but that the question was whether such a thing would be accepted. /end/dš